Maps

UN Partition Plan Map

On November 29, 1947, the United Nations voted on and approved this Partition Plan map which established a Jewish State in the Land of Israel for the first time in almost 2,000 years, ending the long exile. Although the proposed Jewish State would lack defensible borders, the Jewish people and leadership danced and cried tears of joy. The local Arab population did not accept the UN resolution which included a proposed Palestinian Arab state, and immediately went to war against the local Jewish population.  Thus, the first phase of the War of Independence began on December 30, 1947. The second phase began in May 1948, when the neighboring Arab countries invaded.

Tribes of Israel

This map details the Land of Israel according to the areas settled by the Tribes of Israel (which were  named after and originally led by the sons of Jacob).  In Book of Numbers, the Israelites are told that the Land will be divided according to a lottery (Numbers 26:55). The division of the Land by lots takes place later in Joshua 14-19. The process of actually settling the Land that God promised the Israelites took several hundred years and was completed in the time of King Solomon. Note that Jerusalem is on the border between the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. This meant that -- like Washington DC -- no one tribe  could claim ownership of the capital city.

Pre-67 Borders

This map shows the armistice borders of Israel from 1948 to 1967. The yellow area --the West Bank, which was called such after the west bank of the Jordan River -- was ruled by Jordan during those years and the red area  -- the Gaza Strip -- was ruled by Egypt during those years. These borders are often mistakenly referred to as 67 borders, but these borders should actually be called the pre-67 borders. These were the armistice lines until June 1967 when the borders changed dramatically during the 6 Day War. 

Borders after 6 Day War

The peach colored areas (the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula) became part of Israel in the 6 Day War. Some say that Israel has been in a war since the Arabs first attacked in 1948 and every few years, the war gets a new name. In that sense, the 6 Day War is just a continuation of the original conflict. But a more acute  reason for the 6 Day War was that Syria started  building a canal to divert water from Israel for Syria's use. Another event that led to the outbreak of the fighting was Egypt's closing of the Straits of Tiran (marked on the map at the bottom of the Sinai Peninsula), preventing Israeli boats from passing through,  which was considered an act of war by Israel and the world.

East and West Jerusalem

From 1948 to 1967, Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan until it was re-united in June 1967 under Israeli control.  The areas that were formerly under Jordanian control are referred to until today as East Jerusalem. The blue enclave is Mt. Scopus where Hebrew University was located since it's founding in the early 1920s. The university and hospital were not usable during these years, and they opened new locations in Western Jerusalem. The red area was "no man's land" in which there was frequent Jordanian sniper fire. The entire Old City was in Jordanian hands. Jews or anyone coming from Israel could not access holy places such as the Western Wall.  Mt of  Olives  was under Jordanian control, and 40,000 Jewish graves were desecrated.

 

Home Front Command Alert Map

This map shows how long residents in various regions of the country have from the time they hear a warning siren until they need to be in a shelter. Note that in many areas the amount of time is just seconds.

Areas A, B, and C of Oslo Accords

This map shows areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip that were designated as A, B and C during the Oslo Accords between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Area A is under full Palestinian control. Area B is administered by Palestinians with Israeli security. Area C is administered by Israel with Israeli security.  The Oslo Accords or Declaration of Principles (DOP) were agreements between the PLO and the Government of Israel. They were signed at the White  House on September 13, 1993 in the presence of PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzchak Rabin, and US President Bill Clinton. The Accords outlined a plan for limited self rule of the Palestinians with "final status issues" to be resolved later. Between 1995 and 1996, a series of events (including the assasination of Prime Minister Yitzchak  Rabin November 4, 1995 and a wave of terror  attacks  against  Israel  in 1996) led to the break down of the Oslo Accords for the most part. However, the area  designations remain  until today. There are noteable exceptions, such as the Gaza Strip in which 21 civilian Israeli settlements which had  been designated as area C were evacuated and destroyed by Israel  in August 2005 under Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.